“The fact that 88% of youth want to leave the Una-Sana Canton is a clear indicator that they don’t have a good life in this country – said Jasmin Beši?, Executive Director of the Institute for Youth Development KULT during the Business Forum “Unburdening the Economy to Create Jobs”, held in Biha?, on March 7, 2018.


One of the messages from the Forum was the only way to keep youth in this country is improving the economy, making it easier to launch businesses and reducing the taxes and fees burdening business owners.


“This country and the economy can’t function without youth, because they’re the ones who generate funds for the budget and build the country. We have to do everything in our power to make it easier for them to find jobs, start their own business and create an environment they will want to live in. Youth leaving is not the problem, it’s the consequence of problems that have piled up over the years.” – said Jasmin Beši?, Executive Director of the Institute for Youth Development KULT.


BF1


The participants – business owners, government representatives, representatives of NGOs and the academia – discussed the burdens hindering the growth and development of the economy in FBiH, and in the Una-Sana Canton in particular, options for addressing them, and initiatives and activities implemented as economic reforms.


The Forum also galvanized discussions on employment and self-employment programs, especially for youth, and the opportunities and obstacles in the process of launching a business. It included a presentation of an analysis of budget incentives for boosting the economy for 2012-2015, and the initiative of BiH business owners to introduce the VAT cash accounting scheme.


BF2


“The Una-Sana Canton is making every effort to improve employment rates and the our citizens’ standard of living, especially young people’s. We implemented a series of measures, adopted a Youth Strategy of the USC, and we are willing to take steps to prevent youth from leaving, which is a burning issue in the whole country, not just this canton.” – said Husein Roši?, Prime Minister of the Government of Una-Sana Canton.


During the Forum, the participants presented examples of good practice, showcasing youth who launched and are managing their own business, and talked about problems that must be solved in order to create a more business-friendly environment.


“I launched a company and I’m fighting to stay in business. I’m disappointed that myself and other entrepreneurs don’t have the support of this country and the system. We’re not expecting financial support, but I have to say that we don’t even get advice or any benefits when launching our business.” – said Elvedin Veli?, founder of Agro Veli? d.o.o. from Velika Kladuša.


BF3


The Business Forum is intended for business owners and dedicated to issues relating to the economy. It was organized by the Institute for Youth Development KULT and the Ministry of Economy of the Una-Sana Canton. 


The Business Forum was organized by the Institute for Youth Development KULT, as one of the activities of the â€śBH Business Site” initiative implemented by the Institute for Youth Development KULT since 2014, within the Civil Society Sustainability Project (CSSP) managed by the Centers for Civic Initiatives (CCI) and the Civil Society Promotion Center (CPCD), and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).


Previous business forums were held in Tešanj, Bijeljina, Neum and Tuzla.



 

The next Business Forum “Unburdening the Economy to Create Jobs” will be held on March 7, 2018 in Biha?.


The Forum, intended for business owners and dedicated to the economy, is organized by the Institute for Youth Development KULT and the Ministry of Economy of the Una-Sana Canton.


The Forum can be attended by business owners, young entrepreneurs, representatives of the government, the academic and NGO sectors and all those who believe they can help improve the BiH economy.


The goal of the forum is to discuss the burdens limiting the growth and development of the economy in FBiH, particularly in the Una-Sana Canton, how they can be addressed, the initiatives and activities intended to encourage employment and self-employment (particularly of youth) and opportunities and obstacles in launching businesses. We will identify problems limiting the growth and development of the economy in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and try to offer concrete solution.


The Forum will include a presentation of research into the allocation of budget incentives for improving the economy between 2012 and 2015, and the initiative of BiH business owners to introduce the VAT cash accounting scheme. These topics will be discussed by representatives of competent institutions, eminent experts in the field of economy, business environment and employment, owners of successful businesses and young entrepreneurs. Participants will engage in a constructive dialogue on how to improve the business environment and employment opportunities in BiH.


Biznis frum Biha? copy


Applications are submitted online through http://mladi.org/myURL/1y, and the number of participants is limited. Participants whose application was accepted will be provided with the agenda at least three days before the event.


The Business Forum is organized by the Institute for Youth Development KULT, as one of the activities of the â€śBH Business Site” initiative implemented by the Institute for Youth Development KULT since 2014, within the Civil Society Sustainability Project (CSSP) managed by the Centers for Civic Initiatives (CCI) and the Civil Society Promotion Center (CPCD), and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).


Previous business forums were held in Tešanj, Bijeljina, Neum and Tuzla.


 

BY: M.Sc. Ajka Rov?anin, Institute for Youth Development KULT


The Report on Social Inclusion of BiH for 2016, published recently y the Directorate for Economic Planning of the Council of Ministers of BiH, states that employment is one of the basic conditions of social inclusion. The BiH labor market was rated as one with “high levels of inactivity, unemployment and long term unemployment” for the period spanning the past decade. There are some mildly encouraging data about a decrease in unemployment and an increase in employment in 2016 and 2017, dampened by the growing trend of employment abroad, i.e. economic migration.


The lack of work, economic and socio-cultural space results in social exclusion. Not participating on the labor marker is detrimental to an individual’s economic status and can lead to poverty and social isolation. Youth are particularly vulnerable to this. The European Union is aware of this problem, which is why their goals include addressing youth social exclusion, in addition to improving the youth employment rate, providing high-quality education, equality, and training that will allow them to participate on the labor market. 


BFN1 web copy


What does the BiH labor market look like though? Does it encourage youth to participate and work? Does it take into consideration all the specific features of that populations segment? Is it accessible or it just a path to other countries’ labor markets? How does a regulated labor market contribute to the sustainability, growth and development of the real sector? Unfortunately, domestic economic and demographic data shows that the BiH labor market is not youth friendly, and is becoming increasingly unfriendly to the general population as well.


The World Economic Forum developed a very interesting approach to evaluating the efficiency of the labor market, and published the data for each individual country in their annual Global Competitiveness Report, along with other 11 components of competitiveness. The efficiency of the labor market is evaluated by using 10 indicators. In 2017, BiH was ranked at 123 out of 137 countries (rated with 3.49 out of 7). 


The quality of cooperation between employers and employees was rated as 3.76 out of 7, flexibility of employers in setting salary amounts was rated as high, with 5.46 out of 7. The existing regulations allow employers some flexibility in employing and firing employees (3.33). In terms of severance pay, BiH is ranked very low (123rd out of 137 countries). The ratio of salary and productivity was rated with 3.05. Current competencies of employees in management positions was rated with 2.98.


The capacity of BiH to retain highly qualified workforce is very low (1.80), which places it at the bottom of the list (135th place). The capacity to attract and select foreign highly qualified workforce is also low (1.59, i.e. 136th place). The ratio of men and women in the workforce places BiH as 109th. It is therefore clear that the labor market can be made a lot friendlier to job seekers. When it comes to salary taxes and its effect on policies intended to generate jobs, BiH is rated 2.95. These indicators discourage youth from starting their own business and employing others. With additional burdens, such as having to pay VAT by the 10th day of the month, numerous parafiscal taxes, other fees, etc.


 

Bosnia and Herzegovina has to provide a good life for its citizens, which can only be done by boosting the economy and ensuring a high GDP – this is one of the messages from the participants of the Business Forum “Unburdening the Economy to Create Jobs” held in Neum, November 8, 2017.


Participants of this forum included entrepreneurs, representatives of government, NGOs, the academia and young business owners, who discussed the burdens hindering the growth and development of the economy in the Federation of BiH, with an emphasis on the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton and the Municipality of Neum. They talked about ways of addressing this problem, the initiatives and activities aimed at economic reforms, programs and incentives for employment and self-employment, particularly of youth, and opportunities and obstacles in the process of starting a business. 


BFN1 web


“Economic problems have to be resolved through a cooperative effort of all levels of government, with additional trainings and more funds invested in supporting new businesses, especially for youth, who are our driving force.” – said Živko Matuško, Mayor of the Municipality of Neum.


The forum included a presentation of the initiative to amend the Law on VAT and extend the deadline for paying VAT for small business owners, and results of the analysis of budget incentives for the economy for the period of 2012-2015.


“BiH does not have an environment conducive to developing the economy. There is no environment that can give youth the opportunity to develop their business, and that is precisely why the Institute for Youth Development KULT decided to tackle this challenge of creating a better business environment for youth, and for all citizens in BiH, because that is what will keep them in this country – an environment that allows them to make a living and thrive”. – said Jasmin Beši?, Executive Director of the Institute for Youth Development KULT. 


BFN2 web


The Business Forum was organized by the Institute for Youth Development KULT, under the auspices of the Chairman of the Presidency, Mr. Dragan ?ovi?, PhD, in cooperation with the Federal Ministry of Development, Entrepreneurship and Crafts, and the Municipality of Neum.


The Business Forum was organized by the Institute for Youth Development KULT, as one of the activities of the â€śBH Business Site” initiative implemented by the Institute for Youth Development KULT since 2014, within the Civil Society Sustainability Project (CSSP) managed by the Centers for Civic Initiatives (CCI) and the Civil Society Promotion Center (CPCD), and supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).


 

Negativan odgovor na inicijativu Instituta za razvoj mladih KULT koju je podržalo više od 30.000 bh. privrednika da se rok za pla?anje PDV-a pomjeri sa desetog na zadnji dan u mjesecu, te da se smanji dnevna zatezna kamatna stopa za kašnjenje u pla?anju PDV-a, stigao je samo mjesec dana nakon što je predsjedavaju?i Vije?a ministara Bosne i Hercegovine Denis Zvizdi? javnim saop?enjem istu podržao.


U odgovoru na zastupni?ka pitanja državnog parlamentarca Saše Magazinovi?a, izme?u ostalog, stoji da ovakva inicijativa nije prihvatljiva iz nekoliko razloga kao što su nužnost promjena zakonskih i podzakonskih akata, promjena poslovnih procesa u administraciji, ugroženo izmirenje obaveza UIO prema poreskim obveznicima u vidu povrata sredstava, ugroženo finansiranje me?unarodnih obaveza tj. servisiranje inostranog duga, troškovi uvo?enja ovakvog sistema naplate PDV-a…


Uzimaju li donosioci odluka, prilikom formiranja ovakvih odgovora, u obzir sve nuĹľnosti sa kojima se suo?avaju mali bh. privrednici?


podrska privrednika web


Nismo sigurni koliko je ovakva odluka Vije?a ministara BiH ishitrena, a koliko je bilo ishitreno javno saop?enje predsjedavaju?eg, s obzirom da je rije? o dva potpuno kontradiktorna stava.


That is why the Institute for Youth Development KULT is insisting that business owners' needs and problems be heard, and that attitudes of institutions and government representatives be based on expert analyses, evidence, arguments and facts. 


We expect all parties involved to exert more effort to deal with this issue, whose importance calls for a public debate that can yield a mutually acceptable solution. 


Inicijativa Instituta namijenjena je malim privrednicima, da im se omogu?i da PDV pla?ajuposljednjeg dana u mjesecu, dok bi velike kompanije i dalje pla?ale po starom, odnosno do 10. u mjesecu. Zbog toga nije bilo opasnosti za narušavanje likvidnosti budžeta.


Takva praksa postoji u 22 evropske zemalje, ali i susjednim državama. Inicijativa predvi?a i smanjenja zatezne kamate za svaki dan kašnjenja u pla?anju PDV-a sa stope 0,04 posto na 0,02 posto, jer kako trenutni zakon nalaže, mali privrednici se zadužuju da bi platili PDV do 10. u mjesecu, a pla?anje zateznih kamata prema trenutnim odredbama skuplje je nego kreditno zaduživanje kod komercijalnih banaka.


All of the proposed measures are aligned with the EC Directive  predloĹľene izmjene su u skladu sa Direktivom Vije?a Europske unije 2006/112/EZ, na kojoj se zasnivaju nacionalna poreska zakonodavstva zemalja Europske unije.


Pitamo se zašto onda porezni sistem povoljniji za malu privredu i privrednike ne može funkcionisati i u BiH.


 

Ajka Fotografija copy copyBY: Mr.Sc. Ajka Baru?i?, Institute for Youth Development KULT


Ve? skoro pune dvije godine bh. privrednici su neumorni u svojim zahtjevima prema vlastima da se kona?no izmjene sporne odredbe oko pla?anja PDV-a. U tome nisu usamljeni. Podržavaju ih predstavnici iz nevladinog sektora, pa ?ak i pojedini iz vladinog. Ali konkretne promjene još uvijek izostaju.


Sve je po?elo okruglim stolom održanom u Sarajevu u martu prošle godine, kada je Institut za razvoj mladih KULT, osluškuju?i potrebe privrednika, okupio stru?ne sagovornike na temu prijedloga za pla?anje PDV-a po napla?enim umjesto izdatim ra?unima. Tada je struka rekla da bi uvo?enje ovakvog modela bilo opravdano, izvodivo i najviše pravi?no prema privrednicima. Stru?no obrazloženu inicijativu za ovakav model, a podržanu potpisima preko 30.000 privrednika u BiH, Institut je uputio prema Upravi za indirektno oporezivanje i njenom Upravnom odboru u junu 2016. godine. Predloženo je da privrednici plate PDV državi tek kada i oni naplate svoje ra?une od kupaca za proizvode koje su prodali i usluge koje su pružili. I to oni privrednici koji godišnje ostvaruju do maksimalno jedan milion KM. Sve to po uzoru na susjedne Hrvatsku i Srbiju i 22 zemlje ?lanice Europske unije. Odgovor nikada nije pristigao.


Privrednici su se na ovu temu nastavili okupljati na poslovnim forumima u Tuzli, Bijeljini, Tešnju, ali i drugim bh. gradovima i sredinama. Uskoro je pitanje pla?anja PDV-a postalo neizostavna rubrika u dnevnoj štampi i web portalima, u?estao prilog na televiziji i radiju i svakodnevna tema poslovne zajednice. Na svojoj važnosti, problem PDV-a je dobio kada je u martu ove godine poslanik u Predstavni?kom domu Parlamentarne skupštine BiH gosp. Saša Magazinovi? uputio poslani?ko pitanje prema Upravi za indirektno oporezivanje, njenom Upravnom odboru i Vije?u ministara BiH. U junu je odgovor Upravnog odbora Uprave za indirektno oporezivanje razo?arao privrednike, navodivši da sistem pla?anja PDV-a po napla?enim umjesto izdanim ra?unima nije trenutno provodiv zbog, uglavnom, tehni?kih i administrativnih ograni?enja.


Poslije toga, pokušalo se izna?i kompromisno rješenje. Balans – kojim ?e biti zadovoljni i vlasti i privrednici. Takore?i, izlaženje u susret privrednicima. A to je pomijeranje roka za pla?anje PDV-a sa desetog na posljednji dan u mjesecu i smanjenje dnevne zatezne kamatne stope sa 0,04% na 0,02%. BiH je najstrožija u Europi po pitanju roka. Ovaj rok je znatno duži u ostalim zemljama, pa ?ak se odnosi i na duži obra?unski period nego što je to mjesec dana kao u BiH. Opet je upu?eno poslani?ko pitanje - drugo.


U septembru 2017. godine stigla je lijepa vijest za privredu. Predsjedavaju?i Vije?a ministara BiH gosp. Denis Zvizdi? javnim saop?enjem izrazio je podršku inicijativi, odnosno zadužio Upravu za indirektno oporezivanje da u izmjenama Zakona o PDV-u koje su u toku, uvrsti i zahtjeve privrednika koji se odnose na rok i kamatnu stopu.


Me?utim, nešto više od mjesec dana poslije toga, Vije?e ministara BiH je negativno odgovorilo na drugo poslani?ko pitanje. U odgovoru, izme?u ostalog, stoji da ovakva inicijativa nije prihvatljiva iz nekoliko razloga kao što su nužnost promjena zakonskih i podzakonskih akata, promjena poslovnih procesa u administraciji, ugroženo izmirenje obaveza UIO prema poreskim obveznicima u vidu povrata sredstava, ugroženo finansiranje me?unarodnih obaveza tj. servisiranje inostranog duga, troškovi uvo?enja ovakvog sistema naplate PDV-a…


Time je nastala jedna zbunjuju?a situacija, te se postavlja pitanje koliko je ovakva odluka Vije?a ministara BiH ishitrena, a koliko je bilo ishitreno javno saop?enje predsjedavaju?eg, s obzirom da je rije? o dva potpuno kontradiktorna stava. Upravo iz tog razloga, vaĹľno je insistirati na utemeljenosti stavova institucija i predstavnika vlasti na stru?nim analizama, dokazima, argumentima i ?injenicama. Odluke moraju biti stru?no obrazloĹľene.


Danas ?e biti odrĹľana sjednica Upravnog odbora Uprave za indirektno oporezivanje na kojoj se o?ekuje razmatranje izmjena Zakona o PDV-u. Izmjene bi dalje trebale biti upu?ene prema Vije?u ministara BiH.


Utakmica još uvijek nije izgubljena.


 

The position of youth is one of the topics discussed in the book Vision 2020: Reforms in BiH - Towards Its European Future, presented in Sarajevo by the America-Bosnia Foundation and the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the Johns Hopkins University in Washington. 


vision slika


Papers published in this book explore different perspectives concerning the reform process, and one of the authors is Ajka Baru?i? from the Institute for Youth Development KULT. 


Her work focuses on the effect of reforms on young people in BiH, youth laws and strategies in BiH, unemployment and emigration. 


The book is available here


 

©2019 Institut za razvoj mladih KULT. All Rights Reserved.

Search